International Labour Organization (ILO)

Organisation internationale du travail (OIT)
Organización Internacional del Trabajo (OIT)

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History

Established 28 June 1919, Versailles (France), by Part XIII (Labour) of Treaty of Peace between the Allied and Associated Powers and Germany (Treaty of Versailles), taking over the activities of 'International Labour Office (BIT)', set up in 1901, Basel (Switzerland), as an autonomous body, by International Association for Labour Legislation, 1889, formed 9 Sep 1889, Paris (France). The International Labour Office is now the Secretariat of the ILO. Subsequently associated with the League of Nations (SDN), as an autonomous part of the League. Constitution became operative 11 Apr 1919. In 1944 took over the activities of International Technical Training Office, created 27 Sep 1931. On 14 Dec 1946, became the first specialized agency associated with the United Nations (UN) as a Specialized Agency within United Nations System linked to United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), under the terms of an agreement which recognized the responsibility of ILO in its own field of competence. The International Labour Conference, held in 1944, Philadelphia PA (USA), adopted a Declaration redefining the aims and purposes. Instruments amending the original Constitution were adopted by the Conference in 1945, 1946, 1953, 1962 and 1972, and came into effect respectively in 1946, 1948, 1954, 1963 and 1975. Last Amendments to the Standing Orders of the International Labour Conference were adopted by the Conference at its 82nd Session, June 1995. Directors-General: Albert Thomas, France (1919-1932); Harold Butler, UK (1932-1938); John G Winant, USA (1939-1941); Edward J Phelan, Ireland (1941-1948); David A Morse, USA (1948-1970); Wilfred Jenks, UK (1970-1973); Francis Blanchard, France (1974-1989); Michel Hansenne (1989-1999); Juan Somavia (1999-2011); Guy Ryder (2012-present). Headquarters established at Geneva (Switzerland) in 1920. From 1940 until 1948 ILO activities were directed from a working centre at Montréal (Canada). On its 50th anniversary in 1969 it was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.

Aims

Promote opportunities of decent work for all; promote and realize standards and fundamental principles and rights at work; create greater opportunities for women and men to secure decent employment and income; enhance coverage and effectiveness of social protection for all; strengthen tripartism and social dialogue.

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Activities

Standards / guidelines; networking / liaising; research / documentation; knowledge management / information dissemination. Management of treaties and agreements:

 • Convention Concerning the Employment of Women before and After Childbirth;

 • Convention Concerning Employment of Women During the Night, 1919;

 • Convention Concerning the Night Work of Young Persons Employed in Industry, 1919;

 • Convention Concerning Unemployment;

 • Convention Fixing the Minimum Age for Admission of Children to Industrial Employment, 1919;

 • Convention Limiting the Hours of Work in Industrial Undertakings to Eight in the Day and Forty-eight in the Week;

 • Convention Concerning Unemployment Indemnity in Case of Loss or Foundering of the Ship;

 • Convention for Establishing Facilities for Finding Employment for Seamen;

 • Convention Fixing the Minimum Age for Admission of Children to Employment at Sea, 1920;

 • Convention Concerning the Age for Admission of Children to Employment in Agriculture;

 • Convention Concerning the Application of the Weekly Rest in Industrial Undertakings;

 • Convention Concerning the Compulsory Medical Examination of Children and Young Persons Employed at Sea;

 • Convention Concerning the Rights of Association and Combination of Agricultural Workers;

 • Convention Concerning the Use of White Lead in Painting;

 • Convention Concerning Workmen's Compensation in Agriculture;

 • Convention Fixing the Minimum Age for the Admission of Young Persons to Employment as Trimmers or Stokers;

 • Convention Concerning Equality of Treatment for National and Foreign Workers as Regards Workmen's Compensation for Accidents;

 • Convention Concerning Night Work in Bakeries;

 • Convention Concerning Workmen's Compensation for Accidents;

 • Convention Concerning Workmen's Compensation for Occupational Diseases, 1925;

 • Convention Concerning the Repatriation of Seamen, 1926;

 • Convention Concerning Seamen's Articles of Agreement;

 • Convention Concerning the Simplification of the Inspection of Emigrants on Board Ship;

 • Convention Concerning Sickness Insurance for Agricultural Workers;

 • Convention Concerning Sickness Insurance for Workers in Industry and Commerce and Domestic Servants;

 • Convention Concerning the Creation of Minimum Wage-fixing Machinery;

 • Convention Concerning the Marking of the Weight on Heavy Packages Transported by Vessels;

 • Convention Concerning the Protection Against Accidents of Workers Employed in Loading or Unloading Ships, 1929;

 • Convention Concerning Forced or Compulsory Labour;

 • Convention Concerning the Regulation of Hours of Work in Commerce and Offices;

 • Convention Limiting Hours of Work in Coal Mines, 1931;

 • Convention Concerning the Age for Admission of Children to Non-industrial Employment, 1932;

 • Protection Against Accidents / Dockers, 1932;

 • Convention Concerning Compulsory Invalidity Insurance for Persons Employed in Agricultural Undertakings;

 • Convention Concerning Compulsory Invalidity Insurance for Persons Employed in Industrial or Commercial Undertakings, in the Liberal Professions, and for Outworkers and Domestic Servants;

 • Convention Concerning Compulsory Old-age Insurance for Persons Employed in Agricultural Undertakings;

 • Convention Concerning Compulsory Old-age Insurance for Persons Employed in Industrial or Commercial Undertakings, in the Liberal Professions, and for Outworkers and Domestic Servants;

 • Convention Concerning Compulsory Widows' and Orphans' Insurance for Persons Employed in Agricultural Undertakings;

 • Convention Concerning Compulsory Widows' and Orphans' Insurance for Persons Employed in Industrial or Commercial Undertakings, in the Liberal Professions and for Outworkers and Domestic Servants;

 • Convention Concerning Fee-charging Employment Agencies, 1933;

 • Convention Concerning Employment of Women During the Night, 1934;

 • Convention Concerning Workmen's Compensation for Occupational Diseases, 1934;

 • Convention Ensuring Benefit or Allowances to the Involuntarily Unemployed;

 • Convention for the Regulation of Hours of Work in Automatic Sheet-glass Works;

 • Convention Concerning the Employment of Women on Underground Work in Mines of all Kinds;

 • Convention Concerning the Establishment of an International Scheme for the Maintenance of Rights under Invalidity, Old-age and Widows' and Orphans' Insurance;

 • Convention Concerning the Reduction of Hours of Work to Forty a Week;

 • Convention Concerning the Reduction of Hours of Work in Glass-bottle Works;

 • Convention Limiting Hours of Work in Coal Mines, 1935;

 • Convention Concerning Annual Holidays with Pay, 1936;

 • Convention Concerning Annual Holidays with Pay for Seamen, 1936;

 • Convention Concerning Hours of Work on Board Ship and Manning;

 • Convention Concerning the Liability of the Shipowner in Case of Sickness, Injury or Death of Seamen;

 • Convention Concerning the Minimum Requirement of Professional Capacity for Masters and Officers on Board Merchant Ships;

 • Convention Concerning the Reduction of Hours of Work on Public Works;

 • Convention Concerning the Regulation of Certain Special Systems of Recruiting Workers;

 • Convention Concerning Sickness Insurance for Seamen;

 • Convention Fixing the Minimum Age for the Admission of Children to Employment at Sea, 1936;

 • Convention Concerning the Age for Admission of Children to Non-industrial Employment, 1937;

 • Convention Concerning the Reduction of Hours of Work in the Textile Industry;

 • Convention Concerning Safety Provisions in the Building Industry;

 • Convention Fixing the Minimum Age for Admission of Children to Industrial Employment, 1937;

 • Convention Concerning Statistics of Wages and Hours of Work in the Principal Mining and Manufacturing Industries, Including Building and Construction, and in Agriculture;

 • Convention Concerning Penal Sanctions for Breaches of Contracts of Employment by Indigenous Workers;

 • Convention Concerning the Recruitment, Placing and Conditions of Labour of Migrants for Employment;

 • Convention Concerning the Regulation of Hours of Work and Rest Periods in Road Transport;

 • Convention Concerning the Regulation of Written Contracts of Employment of Indigenous Workers;

 • Convention Concerning the Certification of Able Seamen;

 • Convention Concerning the Certification of Ships' Cooks;

 • Convention Concerning Crew Accommodation on Board Ship, 1946;

 • Convention Concerning Food and Catering for Crews on Board Ship;

 • Convention Concerning Medical Examination of Children and Young Persons for Fitness for Employment in Non-industrial Occupations;

 • Convention Concerning Medical Examination for Fitness for Employment in Industry of Children and Young Persons;

 • Convention Concerning the Medical Examination of Seafarers;

 • Convention Concerning the Restriction of Night Work of Children and Young Persons in Non-industrial Occupations;

 • Convention Concerning Seafarers' Pensions;

 • Convention Concerning Social Security for Seafarers, 1946;

 • Convention Concerning Vacation Holidays with Pay for Seafarers, 1946;

 • Convention Concerning Wages, Hours of Work on Board Ship and Manning, 1946;

 • Final Articles Revision Convention;

 • Convention Concerning Labour Inspection in Industry and Commerce;

 • Convention Concerning Labour Inspectorates in Non-metropolitan Territories;

 • Convention Concerning Labour Standards in Non-metropolitan Territories;

 • Convention Concerning the Maximum Length of Contracts of Employment of Indigenous Workers;

 • Convention Concerning the Right of Association and the Settlement of Labour Disputes in Non-metropolitan Territories;

 • Convention Concerning Social Policy in Non-metropolitan Territories;

 • Convention Concerning Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organize;

 • Convention Concerning Night Work of Women Employed in Industry;

 • Convention Concerning the Night Work of Young Persons Employed in Industry, 1948;

 • Convention Concerning the Organization of the Employment Service;

 • Convention Concerning the Application of the Principles of the Right to Organize and to Bargain Collectively;

 • Convention Concerning Crew Accommodation on Board Ship, 1949;

 • Convention Concerning Fee-charging Employment Agencies, 1949;

 • Convention Concerning Labour Clauses in Public Contracts;

 • Convention Concerning Migration for Employment;

 • Convention Concerning the Protection of Wages;

 • Convention Concerning Vacation Holidays with Pay for Seafarers, 1949;

 • Convention Concerning Wages, Hours of Work on Board Ship and Manning, 1949;

 • Convention Concerning Equal Remuneration for Men and Women Workers for Work of Equal Value;

 • Convention Concerning Minimum Wage Fixing Machinery in Agriculture;

 • Convention Concerning Holidays with Pay in Agriculture;

 • Convention Concerning Maternity Protection;

 • Convention Concerning Minimum Standards of Social Security;

 • Convention Concerning the Abolition of Penal Sanctions for Breaches of Contract of Employment by Indigenous Workers;

 • Convention Concerning the Abolition of Forced Labour;

 • Convention Concerning the Protection and Integration of Indigenous and other Tribal and Semi-tribal Populations in Independent Countries;

 • Convention Concerning Weekly Rest in Commerce and Offices;

 • Convention Concerning Conditions of Employment of Plantation Workers;

 • Convention Concerning Discrimination in Respect of Employment and Occupation;

 • Convention Concerning Seafarers' National Identity Documents;

 • Convention Concerning Wages, Hours of Work on Board Ship and Manning, 1958;

 • Convention Concerning Fishermen's Articles of Agreement;

 • Convention Concerning the Medical Examination of Fishermen;

 • Convention Concerning the Minimum Age for Admission to Employment as Fishermen;

 • Convention Concerning the Protection of Workers Against Ionising Radiations;

 • Convention Concerning the Partial Revision of the Conventions Adopted by the General Conference of the International Labour Organisation;

 • Convention Concerning Basic Aims and Standards of Social Policy;

 • Convention Concerning Equality of Treatment of Nationals and Non-nationals in Social Security;

 • Convention Concerning the Guarding of Machinery;

 • Convention Concerning Benefits in the Case of Employment Injury;

 • Convention Concerning Employment Policy;

 • Convention Concerning Hygiene in Commerce and Offices;

 • Convention Concerning Medical Examination of Young Persons for Fitness for Employment Underground in Mines;

 • Convention Concerning the Minimum Age for Admission to Employment Underground in Mines;

 • Convention Concerning Accommodation on Board Fishing Vessels;

 • Convention Concerning Fishermen's Certificates of Competency;

 • Convention Concerning Invalidity, Old-age and Survivors' Benefits;

 • Convention Concerning the Maximum Permissible Weight to be Carried by One Worker;

 • Convention Concerning Labour Inspection in Agriculture;

 • Convention Concerning Medical Care and Sickness Benefits;

 • Convention Concerning Accommodation of Crews, 1970;

 • Convention Concerning Annual Holidays with Pay;

 • Convention Concerning Minimum Wage Fixing, with Special Reference to Developing Countries;

 • Convention Concerning the Prevention of Occupational Accidents to Seafarers;

 • Convention Concerning Protection Against Hazards of Poisoning Arising from Benzene;

 • Convention Concerning Protection and Facilities to be Afforded to Workers' Representatives in the Undertaking;

 • Convention Concerning Minimum Age for Admission to Employment;

 • Convention Concerning the Social Repercussions of New Methods of Cargo Handling in Docks;

 • Convention Concerning Paid Educational Leave;

 • Convention Concerning Prevention and Control of Occupational Hazards Caused by Carcinogenic Substances and Agents;

 • Convention Concerning Migrations in Abusive Conditions and the Promotion of Equality of Opportunity and Treatment of Migrant Workers;

 • Convention Concerning Organizations of Rural Workers and Their Role in Economic and Social Development;

 • Convention Concerning Vocational Guidance and Vocational Training in the Development of Human Resources;

 • Convention Concerning Annual Leave with Pay for Seafarers;

 • Convention Concerning Continuity of Employment of Seafarers;

 • Convention Concerning Minimum Standards in Merchant Ships;

 • Convention Concerning Tripartite Consultations to Promote the Implementation of International Labour Standards;

 • Convention Concerning Employment and Conditions of Work and Life of Nursing Personnel;

 • Convention Concerning the Protection of Workers Against Occupational Hazards in the Working Environment Due to Air Pollution, Noise and Vibration;

 • Convention Concerning Labour Administration: Role, Functions and Organization;

 • Convention Concerning Protection of the Rights to Organize and Procedures for Determining Conditions of Employment in the Public Service;

 • Convention Concerning Hours of Work and Rest Periods in Road Transport;

 • Convention Concerning Occupational Safety and Health in Dock Work;

 • Convention Concerning Equal Opportunities and Equal Treatment for Men and Women Workers: Workers with Family Responsibilities;

 • Convention Concerning Occupational Safety and Health and the Working Environment;

 • Convention Concerning the Promotion of Collective Bargaining;

 • Convention Concerning the Establishment of an International System for the Maintenance of Rights in Social Security;

 • Convention Concerning Termination of Employment at the Initiative of the Employer;

 • Convention Concerning Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment;

 • Convention Concerning Labour Statistics;

 • Convention Concerning Occupational Health Services;

 • Convention Concerning Safety in the Use of Asbestos;

 • Convention Concerning Health Protection and Medical Care for Seafarer;

 • Convention Concerning the Repatriation of Seafarers, 1987;

 • Convention Concerning Seafarers' Welfare at Sea and in Port;

 • Convention Concerning Social Security for Seafarers, 1987;

 • Convention Concerning Employment Promotion and Protection Against Unemployment;

 • Convention Concerning Safety and Health in Construction;

 • Convention Concerning Indigenous and Tribal Peoples in Independent Countries;

 • Convention Concerning Night Work;

 • Convention Concerning Safety in the Use of Chemicals at Work;

 • Convention Concerning Working Conditions in Hotels, Restaurants and Similar Establishments;

 • Convention Concerning the Protection of Workers' Claims in the Event of the Insolvency of Their Employer;

 • Convention on the Prevention of Major Industrial Accidents;

 • Convention Concerning Part-time Work;

 • Convention Concerning Safety and Health in Mines;

 • Convention Concerning Home Work;

 • Convention Concerning the Inspection of Seafarers' Working and Living Conditions;

 • Convention Concerning the Recruitment and Placement of Seafarers;

 • Convention Concerning Seafarers' Hours of Work and the Manning of Ships;

 • Convention Concerning Private Employment Agencies;

 • Convention Concerning the Prohibition and Immediate Action for the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labour;

 • Convention Concerning the Revision of the Maternity Protection Convention;

 • Safety and Health in Agriculture Convention;

 • Seafarers' Identity Documents Convention;

 • Maritime Labour Convention;

 • Promotional Framework for Occupational Safety and Health Convention.

Library of over 1 million books regularly receives over 8,000 periodicals and items of legislation from most member states. International Integrated System of Labour Information (ILIS); International Institute for Labour Studies (IILS); International Training Centre of the ILO (ITC); International Occupation Safety and Health Knowledge Network; International Occupational Safety and Health Hazard Alert System; Clearinghouse on Conditions of Work; LABORDOC; Labour Information Database (LABORINFO).

Structure

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Languages

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Staff

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Financing

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Relations with Inter-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 48 inter-governmental organizations.
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Relations with Non-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 172 non-governmental organizations.
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Publications

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Members

Members in 186 countries
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Type I Classification

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Type II Classification

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UIA Org ID

B2183

Last News Received

2016
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