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Agriculture

UN Sustainable Development Goals

GOAL 2: Zero Hunger

Description

Agriculture is the science and art of cultivating plants and livestock. Agriculture was the key development in the rise of sedentary human civilization, whereby farming of domesticated species created food surpluses that enabled people to live in cities. The history of agriculture began thousands of years ago. After gathering wild grains beginning at least 105,000 years ago, nascent farmers began to plant them around 11,500 years ago. Pigs, sheep and cattle were domesticated over 10,000 years ago. Plants were independently cultivated in at least 11 regions of the world. Industrial agriculture based on large-scale monoculture in the twentieth century came to dominate agricultural output, though about 2 billion people still depended on subsistence agriculture into the twenty-first.

From Wikipedia

Organizations relating to Agriculture

European Cetacean Bycatch Campaign
Union of Small Farmers of the Atlantic
Agricultural Libraries Network / Est. 1971
International Amalgamation of Unions of Automobile and Farm Machinery Workers
International Association for Apiary Development, Sri Lanka
Asian Association for Agricultural Engineering / Est. 1990
International Violet Association
International Scientific Association for Micronutrients in Agriculture / Est. 1985
International Society for Oil Palm Breeders / Est. 1983
Institute for the Development of Agricultural Cooperation in Asia / Est. 1963
CoverCropNet
Fondation TerrEspoir / Est. 1996
New Forests Project / Est. 1982
Permanent International Bureau of Analytical Chemistry of Human and Animal Food / Est. 1923
International Model Forest Network / Est. 1994
Réseau afrique formation développement agricole et rural
European Agricultural Convention
Inter-American Network of Agribusiness Organizations
Agricultural Services International / Est. 1993
Animal Production and Health Commission for Asia and the Pacific / Est. 1975
Caribbean Marine Parks and Protected Areas Management Network
European Network of Engineering for Agriculture and Environment / Est. 1988
Comité européen de coordination contre la tenderie en Belgique
Islamic Chamber of Commerce, Industry and Agriculture / Est. 1977
FERN / Est. 1995

View all profiles (2041 total) in the Yearbook of International Organizations

World Problems relating to Agriculture

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Health risks to workers in agricultural and livestock production
Irresponsible agricultural practices
Unavailability of farming land
Deliberately unused farm fields
Crop failures
Misuse of agricultural chemicals
Unstable shifting agriculture
Globalization of agriculture
Threatened agricultural wildlife habitats
Intensive farming
Maldistribution of agricultural land
Inadequacy of agricultural education
Limited farm mechanization
Inappropriate modernization of agriculture
Unproductive subsistence agriculture
Inadequate animal husbandry
Declining area of agricultural land
Environmental hazards from agricultural and pastoral activities
Lack of vocational teachers
Neglect of agricultural and rural life
Inadequate agricultural capital
Insufficient fertilizers for agricultural development
Subsistence agricultural income level in rural communities
Limitations on capital development in rural areas
Declining breeds of cultivated plants

Action Strategies relating to Agriculture

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Restoring saline affected farm land
Increasing efficiency of agricultural water use
Protecting against environmental hazards from agricultural and pastoral activities
Stimulating exploitation of natural resources
Accelerating use of agricultural water use technologies
Ensuring sustainable agricultural development
Using biological pest control
Stabilizing shifting agriculture
Maintaining agricultural genetics database
Informing about ecological agriculture
Developing presently unusable farming land
Using agroecology
Developing agriculture
Developing agricultural resources
Using agro-ecosystems in conservation management
Marketing local agriculture produce
Farming organically
Conducting agricultural research
Preserving genetic diversity in cultivated plants
Developing transgenic crops
Promoting agricultural innovation
Demonstrating new agricultural methods
Informing about sustainable agriculture
Providing alternative to traditional agricultural methodology
Disseminating agricultural information

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