European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC)

Communauté européenne du charbon et de l'acier (CECA)
Comunidad Europea del Carbón y del Acero (CECA)
Europäische Gemeinschaft für Kohle und Stahl (EGKS)
Comunidade Européia do Carvão e do Aço (CECA)
Comunità Europea del Carbone e dell'Acciaio (CECA)
Europese Gemeenschap voor Kolen en Staal (EGKS)
Europaeiske Kul- og Stålfaelleskab
Evropaiki Kinotita Anfraka ke Haliva (EKAH)

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History

25 Aug 1952, Luxembourg, following the proposal of Robert Schuman, 9 May 1950. The Treaty Establishing the European Coal and Steel Community (Treaty of Paris), which established the ECSC, was signed 18 Apr 1951, and ratified by the Parliaments of Belgium, France, Germany FR, Italy, Luxembourg and Netherlands between 31 Oct 1951 and 16 June 1952. The instrument of ratification was deposited on 25 July 1952. The 9-member High Authority, a body independent of national governments, set up in Aug 1952, had extensive powers to further the implementation of the Treaty. The establishment of ECSC was followed, 1 Jan 1958, by that of the then European Economic Community (EEC) - currently European Community - and of European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom), instituted by Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU) and Treaty Establishing the European Atomic Energy Community (Treaty of Rome), twin treaties both signed 25 Mar 1957. These 3 communities jointly comprise the European Communities (EC). The Paris Treaty provided for a transitional period of 5 years which expired on 10 Feb 1958. Following the 'Merger' Treaty of 8 Apr 1965, which came into force in July 1967, the Commission of the European Communities (a single Commission) superseded the High Authority of ECSC and the EEC and Euratom Commissions; and a single Council, the Council of the European Communities, came into existence. The Single European Act (SEA), signed Feb 1986, ratified by member parliaments by 31 Mar 1987, came into force 1 July 1987, amended and complemented the Paris and Rome Treaties. Following signature of Treaty on European Union (Maastricht Treaty), 7 Feb 1992, ECSC came within the framework of the European Union (EU), of which the European Communities comprise the first pillar. Following a decision of European Council, 16-17 June 1997, Amsterdam (Netherlands), and under the terms of the Treaty of Amsterdam, signed 2 Oct 1997, the ECSC ceased to exist 23 July 2002, on expiration of its Treaty; the steel sector then coming under the EC Treaty.

Aims

Contribute to the expansion of the economy, development of employment, and improvement of the standard of living in the participating countries through the creation, in harmony with the general economy of the Member States, of a common market for coal and steel; create conditions which may assure the most rational distribution of production at the highest possible level of productivity, while safeguarding the continuity of employment and avoiding the creation of fundamental and persistent disturbances in the economies of Member States. In accordance with Article 55 of the Treaty: promote technical and scientific research aimed at increasing the use of coal and steel; promote operational safety in mining and steel industries; organize a research programme on medicine and health care for workers in the coal and steel industries.

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Activities

Work is carried out within Directorates-General V, XII and XVII of the European Commission. Financial aid for technical coal research affects: mining technology (advance work and support systems, mine engineering, firedamp, mine ventilation, air conditioning, extraction techniques and mining systems, infrastructure, modern management methods); product upgrading (processing, metallurgical use, burning coal, upgrading and converting coal). On medical research, a 5-year programme on protection of workers against dangers at the workplace in the coal mining and iron and steel industries covers occupation-related illnesses such as cancer and diseases of the respiratory system, hypakusis, diseases of the osseous and muscular system. Social research comes under 4 programmes: (i) Ergonomics - concentrating on safety in development and introduction of new technologies, reduction of major health risks, improved general working and environmental conditions; (ii) Safety; (iii) Health; (iv) Combating environmental nuisance - dealing with technological means of combating environmental nuisance in the workplace at metallurgical plants. A programme on demonstration projects in the steel industry gives support to projects aimed at promoting new, high-performance, cost-effective techniques and procedures, paying special attention to reducing production and operating costs, improving product quality, developing high grade steel products and high performance techniques. Products coming within the range of the Community are covered under Agreement on Products within the Province of the European Coal and Steel Community. Paul Finet Foundation, set up 30 June 1965, awards study grants to the dependents of workers employed in the industries of ECSC who have died as a result of an industrial accident or occupational disease.

Structure

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Languages

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Financing

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Relations with Inter-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 7 inter-governmental organizations.
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Relations with Non-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 3 non-governmental organizations.
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Members

Members in 21 countries
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Type I Classification

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Type II Classification

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UIA Org ID

D0663

Last News Received

2002
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